The Technical University of Cluj-Napoca (TUCN) enjoys an important position in the higher education system in Romania, being classified by the Ministry of Education and Research as an “Advanced Research and Education University” in 2011. At the moment, the institution has over 20000 students, spread in 6 cities, and over 900 academic and research staff. The university has significant experience in carrying out research, educational and institutional development projects, with national, European or private funding. One of the most important preoccupations of TUCN is to provide added value to the socio-economic environment that it serves. As such, much of the research carried out in the university has a pronounced interdisciplinary outlook with the digital transformation of products, processes and organizations being one of the main axes of research. Smart solutions are thus approached within projects by specialists in new product development, software, electronics, manufacturing, and organizational development.

The researchers at TUCN consider that the triad made up by quality, innovation and design forms the bas of a sustainable development philosophy for all economic and social fields: industry, services, commerce, civil engineering, ICT, energy education, health care administration. Therefore, design, development and innovation of organizations, processes and products that meet the needs and requirements of customers and society in a sustainable framework, constitute the focus of QIEM, which started 10 years ago, 2011, and had editions in 2012, 2014, 2016 and 2018 so far.


Nonconventional technologies have been applied in enterprises for over 50 years. At first, and then for a long time, in this category were included technologies that used as an “tool”, concentrated energies in various forms such as: electrical impulses, the temperature that can be created by a beam of electrons , ions, neutrons or lasers, plasma electrolysis phenomena, ultrasound, water jet, etc. For all these manufacturing technologies, the processing is done by removing from the surface of the part a quantity of material in the form of small particles, but in large numbers in a unit of time, which characteristic to erosion, hence the other name given to these applications, namely technologies by erosion. In recent years, the term has begun to be extended to incorporate new developments in the manufacturing area, such as 3D printing or nanotechnologies.

The Romanian Academy created in 1985 a Research Commission for Nonconventional Technologies, and in 1993 the Romanian Association for Nonconventional Technologies (ARTN) was established, bodies that coordinate all the activity in nonconventional technologies in the Romania. Both the Romanian Academy and ARTN organized in Romania 10 local branches with activity specific to nonconventional technologies. Also, 20 national conferences with international participation were organized and held in the country (ICNcT) and Romanian specialists were present with papers at many scientific events abroad. Great attention was paid to the training of specialists through the doctoral studies, and, consequently, in all Romanian universities, specialists of the highest level were trained by the ellaboration of doctoral theses in the field of nonconventional technologies.